147ax. Tennyson inspired by a newspaper article

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147ax. Tennyson inspired by a newspaper article
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NOTE: In the text of this post – “*” denotes references, “**” denotes the script or written narrative, “***” indicates music and sound effects on the corresponding video on youtube, and “****” marks the full beginning or true conclusion of the post.

****

VIDEO: Harriet Lane’s Star Rises Over Incredible London 1854-1855 (1) TRT: 25:57 segment 1 0:00-12:57
youtu.be/SF_6xodgzHs

POST: Harriet’s Star Rises Over Incredible London 1854-1855 (1) by Jim Surkamp 102-171X

civilwarscholars.com/2020/08/harriets-star-rises-over-inc…

102. Harriet Lane – Jefferson County Museum

102a. drawing of dinner table
Bentley, Nicholas. (1971). "The Victorian Scene: 1837-1901." London, New York: Spring Books.
p. 112

**
"When Harriet was at home, she was the hostess and helped to entertain Buchanan’s many guests. These visits became a large part of her education.

**
Many observed and marveled at Hallie’s eerie knack with whatever it was she was doing and with whomever she was speaking.

102b. newspaper mastheads montage
New York Herald
wikimedia.org 24 July 2003 Web. 2 February 2020
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/33/New-York-Herald-Ju…
Herald Tribune
wikimedia.org 24 July 2003 Web. 2 February 2020
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Nytrib1864.jpg
The National Intelligencer
rarenewspapers.com 5 December 1998 Web. 2 February 2020
www.rarenewspapers.com/view/200929?imagelist=1
The Public Ledger
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Ledger_(Philadelphia)

**

Reading and discussing together the latest news over over breakfast

102c. 1847 – Daguerreotype [Group including President James K. Polk, First Lady Sarah Polk, and former First Lady Dolley Madison]
Gift of Alden Scott Boyer
1979.3254.0001
collections.eastman.org 6 January 2017 Web. 5 January 2020.org
collections.eastman.org/objects/34202/group-including-pre…

**
Nunc saw progress – much progress in his Pygmalion niece.

102d. Harriet Lane – Jefferson County Museum

***

103. TITLE Buckingham Palace England 1850
103a. Buckingham_Palace after 1850 addition
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1910_Buckingham_Palace.png

**
104. TITLE Hallie Makes a New Friend
104a. HLJ – Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town WV

**
105-106. TITLE Queen Victoria and Harriet Lane both young, smart and tempestuous
105a.
Windsor Castle in Modern Times, painting of Prince Albert and Victoria, Princess Royal, 1840-43 (oil on canvas) by Edwin Landseer. Credit: Royal Collection Trust © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, 2016/Bridgeman
britain-magazine.com
www.britain-magazine.com/features/royals/queen-victoria-a…
105b. HLJ – Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town WV

***

20:57 FX waves and seagulls (free sfx.uk) over images 107-107c to 21:21
21:22 FX train whistle over image 107d to 21:25

107. Ship At Sea, Sunset by Edward Moran
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 5 January 2020
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=14032

107a-c. google map across the ocean to Liverpool
google.com/maps 13 October 2001 Web. 25 January 2020
www.google.com/maps/@39.323347,-77.7574234,5632366m/data=…

**

In mid-April, 1854 Hallie boarded ship and set sail for Liverpool England

107d. Bury, Curtis and Kennedy 0-4-2 locomotive. Six were built in 1847/8 for the LNWR (Southern Division) with 16 in. x 24 in. cylinders, 5 ft. driving wheels, and 3 ft. 4 in. trailing wheels.
wikiwand.com 18 July 2013 Web. 7 January 2020
www.wikiwand.com/en/Locomotives_of_the_London_and_North_W…

**
and then overland to London to reunite with Nunc who

108. Portrait of Franklin Pierce (1804–1869) by Mathew Brady. The LoC describes this as "Copy neg. from original ink by Brady after Daguerreotype".
Date: between 1855 and 1865
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Pierce

**
President Franklin Pierce had appointed to be our ambassador to the Court of St. James.

109. James Buchanan & Hallie
109a
109b
**
Nunc had written her the year before when his ship arrived August 26, 1853, to share his ambivalence about the new post, but adding:

A proud American who feels himself equal at home to the best does not like to be shut out by an impassable barrier from the best or rather the highest society in this country. (McCulloh, p. 10)

Then to Harriet’s welcoming ears and reading eyes he said: My official position will enable me to surmount this barrier. . ."

109a Nunc Harriet split

109b JB ONLY

**
It would mortify me very much to see you treated differently from the other ladies of your situation" (McCulloh, p. 10)

***

22:19 FX seagulls and waves over images 110-111 to 22:38

22:20 FX hooves and carriages (free sfx.uk) over images 110-114 to 23:13

110. Google Map Liverpool Harriet arrives April 29, 1854

**
When she stepped off the gangplank at Liverpool, she undoubtedly was met by the United States representative there – our Consul and also famous writer Nathaniel Hawthorne

*

111. Montage Liverpool 1835 Consul house today and N. Hawthorne Harriet

111a.
English: Liverpool England 1836
Date 2 March 2013, 14:19:23
Source National Public Domain Archive
Author
English: T.Starling
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Liverpool_1836.jpg

wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consulate_of_the_United_States,_Liv…

111b.
Sony Centre in Liverpool, England, formerly the Consulate of the United States in Liverpool
Date15 November 2010
SourceFrom [1]
AuthorJohn S Turner
Permission
(Reusing this file)Creative Commons Attribution Share-alike license 2.0
Attribution
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
(required by the license)John S Turner / The Sony Centre, Paradise Street, Liverpool / CC BY-SA 2.0
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consulate_of_the_United_States,_Liv…

111c.
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Hawthorne#/media/File:Nat…

*
tools.wmflabs.org 31 May 2013 Web. 7 January 2020
tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=File:Sony_…

historic-liverpool.co.uk 1 February 2004 Web. 7 January 2020
historic-liverpool.co.uk/old-maps-of-liverpool/ackermanns…

111d.
Harriet Jefferson County Museum

111e.
Daguerrotype of Hawthorne, Whipple & Black, 1848
wikiwand.com 18 July 2013 Web. 7 January 2020
www.wikiwand.com/en/Nathaniel_Hawthorne

**
Mr Buchanan’s niece (Miss Lane) has an English rather than American aspect –

being of stronger outline than most of our girls, although handsomer than English women generally and of better manners than any I have seen.

Extremely self-possessed and well poised,
without affectation or assumption, but quietly conscious of rank,

112. 1844 fashion plate victorian clothing
Magasin för konst, nyheter och moder; Svenska: Huvudbonad; Fjädrar; Klänning; Frack; Halsduk; Väst; Pantalonger; Mössa; Band; Hatt; Plymer; 1844; Nordic Museum; Stockholm
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_fashion#/media/File:Magas…

**
as much so as if she were an earl’s daughter – in truth, she probably felt pretty much as an earl’s daughter would

113. “The Wedding,” 1855, by John Forrest.
merchantshouse.org 5 December 2005 Web. 7 January 2020
merchantshouse.org/blog/wedding-preparations/

**
towards the merchant’s wives and daughters who made up the feminine portion of the part.

114. split images NH & HLJ

**
I talked with her a little and found her sensible, vivacious, and firm textured, rather than soft and sentimental.

115. split NH & HLJ

**
Her gown was terribly low across the shoulders. I should judge her to be twenty-five or thereabouts.

*

Hawthorne English notes Vol. 21 p. 151 1997 January 9 1855
A Companion to First Ladies
edited by Katherine A.S. Sibley
books.google.com 24 November 2005 Web. 5 January 2020
books.google.com/books?id=N1K-CwAAQBAJ&pg=PT407&l…

***

23:27 Rule Britannia & FX robin and mockingbird over image 116 to 23:45
Performed by United States Army – wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule,_Britannia!

116. The Serpentine, Hyde Park, London by Jasper Francis Cropsey – 1858
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 5 January 2020
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=13162

***

23:44 heights by vandaliarirver.com over images 117-124 to 24:58

**

117. A parchment quill and ink. Klaf, Kulmus & D’yo
Date: 25 May 2017
Source: Own work
Author:Mushki Brichta
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D7%A7%D7%9C%D7%A3,_%D7%A…

Harriet wrote on May 4th her confidant Lily Macalester:

*
Eliza Lytle “Lily” Macalester Laughton
findagrave.com 5 December 1998 Web. 2 February 2020
www.findagrave.com/memorial/98814602/eliza-lytle-laughton

118. Ship At Sea, Sunset by Edward Moran
wikigallery.org 4 May 2009 Web. 7 January 2020
www.wikigallery.org/

**
You have heard, dear Lily, of our long & boisterous voyage

119. Montage Harriet and Hyde Park
119a. Harriet Lane – courtesy Jefferson County Museum
119b.The Serpentine, Hyde Park, London by Jasper Francis Cropsey – 1858
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 5 January 2020
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=13162

**
Everything is as comfortable and agreeable as possible, about my home – all things promise to me a pleasant visit

120. 28 Old Bond Street site of Literary Club in 1854 Clarendon Hotel

***

After five days in the Old Country Harriet

121 Montage lecture HLJ
121a. 125. HLJ headshot
Description Harriet Lane, Niece of US President James Buchanan
Date circa 1860
Source www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/710418/Harriet-Lane
commons.wikimedia.org/ 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harriet_Lane.jpg
121b. lecture
Print (Lithograph) William Buckland and The Geological Lecture Room, The Ashmolean Museum, drawn by Nathaniel Whitlock, Printed by C. Hullmandel, London, 19th Century. Inv 14386
hsm.ox.ac.uk 15 December 2018 Web. 7 January 2020
www.hsm.ox.ac.uk/lithography

**
had some sharp opinions on the sub-standard caliber of Lord-ly honored public speakers:

Last evening, we went to a Literary Club dinner

*
The Club (dining club)
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 7 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Club_(dining_club)

**
the ladies of course in the gallery. I was disappointed in the speaking – we had expected several distinguished speakers but only heard Lord Mahon, & Lord Stanley both men of talent. –

122. Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope (Viscount Mahon)
author of History of England from the peace of Utrecht to the peace of Versailles. 1713-1783
photo taken by Herbert Watkins
Collection: National Portrait Gallery Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q238587
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Philip-Stanhope-5th-Earl-…(cropped).png

123. frontispiece History of England from the peace of Utrecht to the peace of Versailles. 1713-1783
by Stanhope, Philip Henry Stanhope, Earl, 1805-1875
frontispiece
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 5 January 2020
archive.org/details/historyofengland01stan/page/n6

**
Lord Mahon was the best speaker at the table – but he talked too much, and said too little.

124. Arthur Penrhyn Stanley (1815-1881) by John Watkins
Collection: National Portrait Gallery
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 7 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Penrhyn_Stanley

**
Lord Stanley talked a great deal, and said nothing.

125. HLJ headshot
Description Harriet Lane, Niece of US President James Buchanan
Date circa 1860
Source www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/710418/Harriet-Lane
commons.wikimedia.org/ 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harriet_Lane.jpg

**
I was gratified to see the manner of conducting a public dinner here, but without doubt, our people are more prompt and eloquent – in fact, I have seen no improvements upon our country,

126. The Serpentine, Hyde Park, London by Jasper Francis Cropsey – 1858
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 5 January 2020
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=13162

***

25:19 Beethoven Fidelio over images 126-130 to 26:01

Beethoven – Fidelio (Leonore), Op. 72 – COMPLETE OPERA – 432 Hz.
Dec 26, 2014 by 432naturalpitch
youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020
www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zzo2TTlm55U

126. TITLE Friday, May 5, 1854
The Royal Opera at Covent Garden

127. Exterior of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, published in 1828.
1 June 1809. Source: Metropolitan improvements or London in the nineteenth century: being a series of views, of the new and most interesting objects in the British metropolis & its vicinity; from original drawings, with historical, topographical & critical illustrations by James Elmes
Authoren: Thomas H. Shepherd (1792–1864), engraved by John Rolph (1799–1862)
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Covent_Garden_Theatre_182…
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 7 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Opera_House

128. Interior of the second theater up to 1856
The Theatre Royal, Covent Garden: This engraving was published as Plate 100 of Microcosm of London (1810) (see File: Microcosm of London Plate 100 – New Covent Garden Theatre.jpg). This building opened in 1809 to replace its predecessor, which had burned down in 1808.
Date1810
AuthorThomas Rowlandson (1756–1827) and Augustus Charles Pugin (1762–1832) (after) John Bluck (fl. 1791–1819), Joseph Constantine Stadler (fl. 1780–1812), Thomas Sutherland (1785–1838), J. Hill, and Harraden (aquatint engravers)
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 7 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Opera_House#/media/File:New_C…

129. HLJ headshot
Description Harriet Lane, Niece of US President James Buchanan
Date circa 1860
Source www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/710418/Harriet-Lane
commons.wikimedia.org/ 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harriet_Lane.jpg

**
Friday 5. I was charmed at the Opera last night. Beethoven’s Fidelio was the piece. I heard the great Cravelli, and think her superb – the music is grand & effective.

130.
Queen Victoria and Napoleon III at the Theatre Royal of Covent Garden, London 19th April 1855
Date: 6 December 2007
royalcollection.org.uk 13 May 2005 Web. 2 February 2020.
Source www.royalcollection.org.uk/collection/search#/46/collecti…
Author James Roberts

Mr. Peabody’s box is opposite the Queen’s – she, Prince Albert, & two of the children were there.

131. George Peabody
dulwichpicturegallery.org 2 February 2001 Web. 8 January 2020
www.dulwichpicturegallery.org.uk/whats-on/lectures-talks/…

**
Mr P. is very kind – he had a large party of Americans last evening – and seems ready to entertain any who come

132. George Peabody Father of modern philanthropy

133. I only arrived here on Saturday evening
I only arrived here on Saturday evening (April 29th) and until presented to

NOT USED
Queen Victoria in court or wedding dress, 1854.
Although the Royal Collection claims Victoria is wearing court dress in this photo, she may in fact be wearing her wedding dress from 1840, at least is modified form.
british-royal-photos.tumblr.com 30 May 2015 Web. 2 February 2020
british-royal-photos.tumblr.com/tagged/Queen+Victoria/page/2

END NOT USED

134. Presented to the Queen
nailsmag.com 13 August 1997 Web. 2 February 2020
www.nailsmag.com/382178/trend-watch-victorian

**
the Queen, will not be fairly in the “London world.”

135. Letter from Harriet Lane to Lily Macalester Date: Thursday May 4, 1854
Location: I-Friends-2001-5
archives.dickinson.edu 9 September 2012 Web. 2 February 2020
archives.dickinson.edu/sites/all/files/files_document/I-F…
archives.dickinson.edu 9 September 2012 Web. 2 February 2020
archives.dickinson.edu/archives-people/macalester-lily7

**
My court-dress is now absorbing most of my attention, as I will be presented this day next week (11th). This is rather intense as I must act entirely for myself. . .I go to decide upon it today." she wrote her confidant Lily on May 4th.

136. plate hands cutting meat
angelpig.net 29 August 2000 Web. 2 February 2020
www.angelpig.net/victorian/dinner-party-conduct.html

**
Tomorrow and Saturday I go to dinner parties, and I suppose will be fairly launched in the gay world, after next week.

***
26:39 God Save The Queen over images 137-140 to 27:17

137. St. James Palace
Date: 25 October 2010, 16:44
Uploaded by oxyman
AuthorTony Hisgett from Birmingham, UK
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:St_Jamess_Palace.jpg

**
I had a glimpse of the Queen yesterday – she held a Levee (gentleman alone) at St. James!
Lady Owsley took me to the Park,

138. The Serpentine, Hyde Park, London by Jasper Francis Cropsey – 1858
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 5 January 2020
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=13162

**
where we had an excellent view of all the Royal procession.
The Life-guards are splendid looking men – mounted upon black horses.

139. 1st Life Guards, 1845
britishempire.co.uk 18 October 2018 Web. 2 February 2020
www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyuniforms/britishcavalr…

*
This print by H. Daubrawa accurately shows the officer’s full dress uniform. The helmet is nearly the same as the one worn by the Household Cavalry today but is more ornate (see Helmet 1842). He is wearing the tailed coatee that came into fashion c1819 and was replaced by the skirted tunic in 1855. Note the heavy epaulettes that disappeared with the introduction of the tunic. An officer in the background with his back to us gives us a view of the coat-tails and of the ornate pouch (see 1st Life Guards pouch 1817).
britishempire.co.uk 18 October 2018 Web. 2 February 2020
www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyuniforms/britishcavalr…

**

the Queen’s band played – of course, I was very much entertained – but I could scarcely convince myself

140. Queen Victoria in 1854
Roger Fenton (1819–1869) Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q345666
Description
English: Queen Victoria in court dress, photographed by Roger Fenton 11 May 1854 after a Drawing Room.
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Queen_Victoria_in_court_d…

**
that it was the ruler of this great kingdom- approaching – the glitter was so great it appeared like a grand show.

*

I must write you, dear Lily,
though, as yet I have not much of interest to relate, concerning myself. – I only arrived here on Saturday evening (April 29th) and until presented to the Queen, will not be fairly in the “London world.” Everything is as comfortable and agreeable as possible, about my home – all things promise to me a pleasant visit. Uncle met me on the Ship at Liverpool & is looking remarkably well, & in good spirits – is as kind and good as possible & decidedly the most elegant looking man I have seen since I left home. My court-dress is now absorbing most of my attention, as I will be presented this day week (11th). This is rather intense as I must act entirely for myself. . .I go to decide upon it today."

Last evening, we went to a Literary Club dinner – the ladies of course in the gallery. I was disappointed in the speaking – we had expected several distinguish speaker but only heard Lord Mahon, & Lord Stanley both men of talent. – Lord Mahon was the best speaker at the table – but he talked too much, and said too little. Lord Stanly talked a great deal, and said nothing. I was gratified to see the manner of conducting a public dinner here, but without doubt, our people are more prompt and eloquent – in fact, I have seen no improvements upon our country, except in servants, – here they are most respectful and respectable.

Tonight I go to the Opera, with Mr. Peabody and a party he has formed for me. He is a younger looking man than I had expected to see, & seems very good and kind hearted.

Tomorrow and Saturday I go to dinner parties, and I suppose will be fairly launched in the gay world, after next week.

"My court-dress is now absorbing MOST of my ATTENTION as I will be presented this day week (11th). This is rather intense as I must act entirely for myself. . .I go to decide upon it today."

He made very particular inquiries about your good Father. Tomorrow and Saturday I go to dinner parties, and I suppose will be fairly launched in the gay world, after next week. I had a glimpse of the Queen yesterday – she held a Levee (gentleman alone) at St. James! Lady Oasily took me to the Park, where we had an excellent view of all the Royal procession – The Life-guards are splendid looking men – mounted upon black horses – the Queen’s band played – of course, I was very much entertained – but I could scarcely convince myself that it was the ruler of this great kingdom- approaching the glitter was so great it appeared like a grand show.

From the carriage, she struck me as being handsome, but she is not generally considered so. Your friend Mr. Corbon is here from Paris – his stay will be short – he is to be here this morning – unfortunately I will not see him, as I am obliged to go out. You know Mr Holford is dead.

**
You have heard, dear Lily, of our long & boisterous voyage – a fortnight reaching London. – two weeks. I have not ceased to mourn over the pleasant evening, I with you all, I was deprived of, when first we started.

**
Friday 5. I was charmed at the Opera last night. Beethoven’s Fidelio was the piece. I heard the great Cravelli, and think her superb – the music is grand & effective.

*

Mr Peabody’s box is opposite the Queen’s – she, Prince Albert, & two of the children were there. Mr P. is very kind – he had a large party of Americans last evening – and seems ready to entertain any who come, give my warmest love to Dame Trip – tell her I read the little book every day, and think it sweet. I gaze upon my daguerre’s with much tenderness, and is the kindness which gave them. Uncle is laboriously occupied writing all the time – in fact, too much confined. I hope you have written me, dear Lily, ere this – I will have the blues, if every steamer does not bring me some affectionate effusion and could you know the value of a single line, when so far separated from every home association, I know you would write often. I sincerely hope you safely recovered from your cold. My love to Mr M. tell him the gingerbread was very acceptable. Love to grandma and Mrs. [illegible name] – and do write me often, dear Lily – I hope my next letter will be more
U. S. Legation, London. May 4. 1854.

[cross-written in the top margin of the first page]
interesting for you. I have no doubt Uncle would send some message – but as the dispatch lay very close – I cannot wait for any tender words interesting as I know they would be to you. If you see Mrs. Plitt tell her I am well – as I have not time to write her this mail. Love to every one & believe me ever dear Lily your sincerely affectionate
Hattie
Capt West is a glorious fellow – I [never met?] a more agreeable escort.
[letter sent to Lily Macalester]
Title: Letter from Harriet Lane to Lily Macalester Date: Thursday May 4, 1854
Location: I-Friends-2001-5
archives.dickinson.edu 9 September 2012 Web. 2 February 2020
archives.dickinson.edu/sites/all/files/files_document/I-F…
archives.dickinson.edu 9 September 2012 Web. 2 February 2020
archives.dickinson.edu/archives-people/macalester-lily
END *

***

27:17 – FX gavel and murmuring over image 141 to 27:39

141. Lionel Nathan de Rothschild introduced in the House of Commons on 26 July 1858 by Lord John Russell and Mr. Abel Smith by Henry Barraud – 1872
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lionel_de_Rothschild_HOC.jpg

**
Because her uncle caused a stir the year before when he presented himself before the Houses of Parliament for wearing merely his black suit, Harriet prepared for her debut

**
When May 11th came, Harriet stepped before the Queen and Prince Albert – likely wearing her domed and bell-shaped hoop skirt, supported by crinoline petticoats, with deep flounces or tiers, long bloomers and pantaloons trimmed with lace.

142. Frank Leslie’s weekly newspaper March 31, 1860 p. 279

*
In the 1850s, women’s skirts were domed and bell-shaped, supported by crinoline petticoats. They often featured deep flounces or tiers. Long bloomers and pantaloons trimmed with lace were popular. Tiered cape-jackets were fashionable, as were paisley patterned shawls. Deep bonnets were worn and hair was swept into buns or side coils from a centre parting.
vam.ac.uk 20 November 1996 Web. 2 February 2020
www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/h/history-of-fashion-1840-…
historicalsewing.com 9 November 2010 Web. 2 February 2020
historicalsewing.com/all-the-flounces-1850s-skirt-styles

143. Bow to Queen
The Queen’s Drawing room, ceremony of presentations, 31 March, 1860, The Illustrated London News.
katetattersall.com 9 July 2012 Web. 2 February 2020
www.katetattersall.com/coming-out-during-the-early-victor…

**
With judging eyes all around, she descended gracefully in a low slow perfect bow before Victoria then, ascending back up.

Victoria would, not long after, declare Harriet "consort to the Ambassador" giving her all the privileges and entree of an ambassador’s wife.

144. Victoria and Albert done in 1854. Roger Fenton / Royal Collection Trust
AFTER ROGER FENTON (1819-69)
‘The Prince and Queen’; Prince Albert (1819-61) and Queen Victoria (1819-61) 1889 copy after an original of 30 Jun 1854
Carbon print | 21.4 x 18.9 cm (image) | RCIN 2906529
rct.uk 10 August 2018 Web. 2 February 2020
www.rct.uk/collection/2906529/the-prince-and-queen-prince…

***
28:20 Shana Aisenberg and FX battle over images 144ax-146x to 28:45

144ax. Detail of Franz Roubaud’s panoramic painting The Siege of Sevastopol (1904)
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimean_War#/media/File:Panorama_de…

**
Late in that March – the United Kingdom entered the Crimean War against Russia, with disastrous results.

145x.
British soldiers of the Crimean War who have lost limbs. Photograph of three soldiers who were injured during the Crimean War sitting on a bed covered by a tartan blanket. From left to right are William Young, Henry Burland and John Connery.
rct.uk 10 August 2018 Web. 2 February 2020
www.rct.uk/collection/2500189/amputees-at-chatham-militar…

146x. Yes or No? by Charles West Cope, 1872.
(Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)
mimimatthews.com 4 April 2004 Web. 2 February 2020
www.mimimatthews.com/2017/04/24/twelve-victorian-era-tips…

146ax. HLJ Hyde Park SHE WOULD WRITE HOW "THIS WAR WAS ALWAYS A SAD WEIGHT UPON MANY HEARTS."

**
In the year Harriet would be in London, SHE WOULD WRITE HOW "THIS WAR WAS ALWAYS A SAD WEIGHT UPON MANY HEARTS."

***

28:46 Rob Mitchell bagpipes playing Dunblane by Charles Glendinning over images 147x-156x
to 30:09
**

147x. Alfred, Lord Tennyson by George Frederic Watts – circa 1863-64
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfred_Tennyson,_1st_Baro…

147aX. Alfred Tennyson inspired by a newspaper article

148x.
The Times November 13, 1854 editorial
www.bl.uk/collection-items/times-editorial-piece-on-the-c…

**
Two great armies, composed of four nations saw from the slopes of a vast amphitheater seven hundred British cavalry proceed at a rapid pace and in perfect order, to certain destruction. Such a spectacle was never seen before, and we trust will never be repeated.
The Times November 13, 1854 – thetimes.co.uk
www.thetimes.co.uk/archive/

149ax. it is difficult

149x. Charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade, 25th Oct. 1854, under Major General the Earl of Cardigan, by William Simpson – 1 March 1855 – Published by Goupil & Cie, Paris, and Day & Son, London. Source: The Library of Congress
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_Simpson_-_Charge_…

**
150x. The error was one of unusual simplicity, and requires no science to understand it
The Times November 13, 1854 – thetimes.co.uk

**
150ax. Causeless and fruitless, it stands by itself as a grand heroic deed
The Times November 13, 1854

151x. Tennyson and masthead
151ax. Alfred, Lord Tennyson by George Frederic Watts – circa 1863-64
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfred_Tennyson,_1st_Baro…

151bx. masthead The Times 13 November 1854

**
Later in 1854, Lord Alfred Tennyson would read his daily newspaper about the losses of the Light Cavalry Brigade

**
152x. Crimean War nurse Florence Nightingale and scene
Florence Nightingale, c. 1870.
Perry Pictures/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (LC-USZ62-5877)
britannica.com 23 May 1998 Web. 5 January 2020
www.britannica.com/biography/Florence-Nightingale

153x. "Print shows the embarkation of sick persons at the harbor in Balaklava." tinted lithograph, by William Simpson, 24 Nisan 1855
Date: published April 24, 1855
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Nightingale#/media/File:Ba…

154x. Florence Nightingale with her candle making the night round of the wards at Scutari hospital. Coloured mezzotint, c. 1855, by Tomkins after Butterworth. Florence Nightingale an angel of mercy. Scutari hospital 1855. … Butterworth. Tomkins.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coloured_mezzotint;_Flore…

155x. Montage newsprint and nurse with candle
The Times November 13, 1854 editorial
www.bl.uk/collection-items/times-editorial-piece-on-the-c…
&
Florence Nightingale with her candle making the night round of the wards at Scutari hospital. Coloured mezzotint, c. 1855, by Tomkins after Butterworth. Florence Nightingale an angel of mercy. Scutari hospital 1855. … Butterworth. Tomkins.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coloured_mezzotint;_Flore…

**
and from of his pen unfurled the "The Charge of the Light Brigade" and the grimly patriotic lines:

156x. Sergeant J. Brease
Sergeant J. Brease of Britain’s 11th Hussars, who lost his arm in the Battle of Inkerman. Circa 1854-1856.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crimean_War_1854-56_Q7110…

**

"The British soldier will do his duty, even to certain death, and is not paralyzed by the feeling that he is the victim of some hideous blunder"

*

Full title:
‘London, Monday, November 13, 1854’
Published:
13 November 1854 , London
Formats:
Newspaper, Ephemera
Creator:
The*Times
Copyright:
© Sourced from the British Newspaper Archive
Held by
British Library
Shelfmark:
The Times Digital Archive CS100961133
Description
This newspaper report provides details on the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaklava of the Crimean War. The charge took place on 25 October 1854; this newspaper report dates from 13 November, and attempts to clarify the muddied details and the numbers of killed and wounded.

The Times newspaper sent their own war correspondent, William Howard Russell, to the Crimean War. This was a significant move in journalism: for the first time, the British public could learn about the realities and horrors of war as it unfolded.
bl.uk 18 February 1997 Web. 8 January 2020
www.bl.uk/collection-items/times-editorial-piece-on-the-c…

*

The next significant artist to illustrate the short novel was Harry French, who provided a comprehensive programme of a frontispiece and nineteen full-size (generally half- page) plates for the Household Edition published by Chapman and Hall in the 1870s (134 pages, double- columned as are those in Household Words are). The following illustrations appear compliments of The Dickens House Museum, 48 Doughty Street, London WC1N 2LX.
victorianweb.org 29 September 2001 Web. 8 January 2020
www.victorianweb.org/art/illustration/french/pva202.html

London, a Pilgrimage by William Blanchard Jerrold with illustrations by Gustave Doré, 1872

END OF *

**
That April, Hard Times had begun serialization in Charles Dickens’s magazine, Household Words

157x. Charles Dickens in 1850s
Daguerreotype portrait of Charles Dickens
Date: 1852
Source: Library Company of Philadelphia
lcpdams.librarycompany.org:8881/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&am…
Author: Antoine Claudet (1797–1867) Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q2853823
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Charles-Dickens-by-Claude…

157ax. Charles Dickens in 1850s
157bx. Title page of Hard Times
Title Page, "Household Words" first serial "Hard Times" by Charles Dickens
(serialized weekly from 1 April, 1854 thru 12 August 1854
Date 1854
Source PBS
Author Bradbury & Evans
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hardtimes_serial_cover.jpg

***

30:21 Cam Millar River theme 8 over image 158x to 30:32

**
Now in a thrillingly international city for the first time in her life – the home of her favorite author

158x. Montage HLJ & St. Pauls
158ax. Boats on the River and St. Paul’s Cathedral, 1850s
wikiwand.com 18 July 2013 Web. 7 January 2020
www.wikiwand.com/en/St_Paul%27s_Cathedral
134b. HLJ – Jefferson County Museum, Charles Town, WV

***
30:34 – spooky music over images 159x-168bx to 31:47;
31:10 Alice, Ardyth, Laura over image 164x to 30:34
31:35 FX hand water pump & dogs/pigs over images 167ax-168bx to 31:47

**

Harriet saw the begrimed hungry children sleeping in alleys alongside the royal grandeur

159x. begrimed children
Wentworth st, Whitechapel by Gustave Doré
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wentworth_st,_Whitechapel…

160x. Wentworth st, Whitechapel by Gustave Doré
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wentworth_st,_Whitechapel…

**

and her Salesian heart was broken for them.

***

30:33 spooky music over images 161x-168x to 31:47

161x. A London fog
The Illustrated London News, Volume 10, January to June 1847. A London fog drawn by Duncan. Page 8.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Illustrated_London_Ne…

**
162x. Vibrio cholerae
cdc.gov 22 December 1996 Web. 28 January 2020
www.cdc.gov/cholera/index.html

163x. A map developed by physician John Snow in 1854, marking cases of cholera surrounding a common water pump in London that turned out to be contaminated.
paradigmchange.me 18 August 2013 Web. 27 January 2020
paradigmchange.me/wp/crisis/

**

Later in that year of 1854, cholera swept through a sprawling, dense poor neighborhood in the Broad or Broadwick section of London.

***

31:10 – Alice, Ardyth, Laura over image 164x to 31:16

164x. Patients suffering from cholera in the Jura during the 1854
with Dr Gachet attending them.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Patients_suffering_from_c…

**
Thousands lay about dehydrated from extreme watery diarrhea, some knotted up by cramps, and
others stilled by shock

165x. Young girl suffering from cholera. Baumgartner, 1929
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Young_girl_suffering_from…
and catalogue.wellcomelibrary.org
catalogue.wellcomelibrary.org/search~S8?/.b1148611/.b1148…

166x. A London fog
The Illustrated London News, Volume 10, January to June 1847. A London fog drawn by Duncan. Page 8.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Illustrated_London_Ne…

**

and for 500 in just nine horrific days starting August 31st – death came in the end;

167x. Dr. John Snow (1813-1858), British physician
DateAutotype 1856, published in 1887
Source[1] Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.
AuthorThe original uploader was Rsabbatini at English Wikipedia.
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_Snow.jpg
Dr. John Snow discovered, had in come from drinking the coursing fluid
and all these five hundred victims, Dr. John Snow discovered

***
31:35 FX hand water pump & dogs/pigs over images 167ax-168bx to 31:47

farm water pump – sound effect
SyentifikFilms
youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020
www.youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020/watch?v=ltqsG6MMCQE

**
had come from drinking the coursing fluid, carrying the bacteria Vibrio cholorae

167ax. drawing from video drinking water from pump
map of Broad Street and site of pump PredictionX: John Snow and the Cholera Epidemic of 1854 | HarvardX on edX | Course Video at :56
•Sep 23, 2016
youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020
www.youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020/watch?v=7RZAzRQuRrE
carrying the bacterium Vibrio cholerae

**
from a single pump.

168x. Montage pump on Broad Street and map
168ax. map of Broad Street and site of pump :51
PredictionX: John Snow and the Cholera Epidemic of 1854 | HarvardX on edX | Course Video
•Sep 23, 2016
youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020
www.youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020/watch?v=7RZAzRQuRrE

168bx. Broad street pump without pump handle
John Snow memorial and pub, Broadwick Street, London * Photographer: User:Justinc {{cc-by-sa-2.0}}
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_Snow_memorial_and_pu…

*
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1854_Broad_Street_cholera_outbreak
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1854_in_the_United_Kingdom

Seven Dials Slums in 1850
Residents and animals wander through the Seven Dials Slums in 1850, in this picture of London Credit: Alamy
thesun.co.uk 5 December 1998 Web. 2 February 2020
www.thesun.co.uk/living/2713028/hand-drawn-illustrations-…

***

31:48 Marseillaise and angry mob over images 169x-171x to 32:12
Marseillaise
marseillaise.org 7 April 2000 Web. 27 January 2020
www.marseillaise.org/english/audio.html

Angry Mob Sound Effect
Jun 23, 2016
youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020
www.youtube.com 28 April 2005 Web. 5 January 2020/watch?v=jN5zMm5Vics

169x. Lamartine in front of the Town Hall of Paris rejects the red flag on 25 February 1848
by Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux Collection: Musée Carnavalet
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lar9_philippo_001z.jpg

*
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution_of_1848

*
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 5 January 2020
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugénie_de_Montijo

170x. Louis-Philippe Ier, roi des Français by Franz Xaver Winterhalter – 1841
Collection: Palace of Versailles
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 5 January 2020
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1841_portrait_painting_of…(King_of_the_French)_by_Winterhalter.jpg

171x. Prince Albert and Queen Victoria in 1854 (the year she met Harriet)

**
With monarchs being thrown out all across Europe in a wave of reform, England was scrambling to do better for her people. It was the time of doing the right thing.

*****
END VIDEO /POST

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: Concorde
weight loss
Image by Chris Devers
Quoting Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Concorde, Fox Alpha, Air France:

The first supersonic airliner to enter service, the Concorde flew thousands of passengers across the Atlantic at twice the speed of sound for over 25 years. Designed and built by Aérospatiale of France and the British Aviation Corporation, the graceful Concorde was a stunning technological achievement that could not overcome serious economic problems.

In 1976 Air France and British Airways jointly inaugurated Concorde service to destinations around the globe. Carrying up to 100 passengers in great comfort, the Concorde catered to first class passengers for whom speed was critical. It could cross the Atlantic in fewer than four hours – half the time of a conventional jet airliner. However its high operating costs resulted in very high fares that limited the number of passengers who could afford to fly it. These problems and a shrinking market eventually forced the reduction of service until all Concordes were retired in 2003.

In 1989, Air France signed a letter of agreement to donate a Concorde to the National Air and Space Museum upon the aircraft’s retirement. On June 12, 2003, Air France honored that agreement, donating Concorde F-BVFA to the Museum upon the completion of its last flight. This aircraft was the first Air France Concorde to open service to Rio de Janeiro, Washington, D.C., and New York and had flown 17,824 hours.

Gift of Air France.

Manufacturer:
Societe Nationale Industrielle Aerospatiale
British Aircraft Corporation

Dimensions:
Wingspan: 25.56 m (83 ft 10 in)
Length: 61.66 m (202 ft 3 in)
Height: 11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)
Weight, empty: 79,265 kg (174,750 lb)
Weight, gross: 181,435 kg (400,000 lb)
Top speed: 2,179 km/h (1350 mph)
Engine: Four Rolls-Royce/SNECMA Olympus 593 Mk 602, 17,259 kg (38,050 lb) thrust each
Manufacturer: Société Nationale Industrielle Aérospatiale, Paris, France, and British Aircraft Corporation, London, United Kingdom

Physical Description:
Aircaft Serial Number: 205. Including four (4) engines, bearing respectively the serial number: CBE066, CBE062, CBE086 and CBE085.
Also included, aircraft plaque: "AIR FRANCE Lorsque viendra le jour d’exposer Concorde dans un musee, la Smithsonian Institution a dores et deja choisi, pour le Musee de l’Air et de l’Espace de Washington, un appariel portant le couleurs d’Air France."

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